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Anterior Release Test

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Other Names

  • Anterior Release Test
  • Surprise Test


The anterior release test showing the hand on the humeral head creating a posterior-directed force (A) and the hand off the humeral head releasing it (B). [1]


  • The patient is supine
  • Perform apprehension test to max external rotation
  • Provide relocation force on anterior humeral head
  • Remove stabilizing hand and monitor for instability
  • Positive test
    • Dislocation or subluxation of humeral head anteriorly



  • Unknown

See Also


  1. Tennent, T. Duncan, William R. Beach, and John F. Meyers. "A review of the special tests associated with shoulder examination: part II: laxity, instability, and superior labral anterior and posterior (SLAP) lesions." The American Journal of Sports Medicine 31.2 (2003): 301-307.
Created by:
John Kiel on 13 April 2022 10:32:20
Last edited:
24 March 2023 07:54:49