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Biceps Squeeze Test

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Other Names

  • Biceps Squeeze Test

Purpose

  • Evaluate the integrity of distal Biceps Brachii attachment in patients with suspected tendon rupture

Description

Biceps Squeeze Test
Demonstration of the biceps squeeze test.
  • Patient is seated, affected arm resting in lap
  • Elbow partially flexed to 80°, held in partial pronation
  • Examiner places one hand at myotendinous junction, the other around the muscle belly
  • Clinician then squeezes the affected biceps with both hands
  • As the muscle is squeezed, the muscle is drawn away from the humerus causing a bowing of the muscle
  • Positive test:
    • Lack of forearm supination, indicating a rupture

Pathology


Evidence

  • Ruland et al[1]
    • Sensitivity: .96
    • Specificity: 1.0
    • LR-: .04
    • LR+: High

See Also


References

  1. Ruland RT, Dunbar RP, Bowen JD . The biceps squeeze test for diagnosis of distal biceps tendon ruptures. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2005;437:128-31
Created by:
John Kiel on 12 December 2019 20:25:24
Authors:
Last edited:
25 March 2023 06:39:56
Category: