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Crank Test

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Other Names

  • Crank Test


Demonstration of Crank Test.[ref]Image courtesy of uptodate.com, "Crank test for SLAP lesion"[/ref]
  • Evaluate Glenoid Labrum, Glenohumeral Ligaments
  • Applies axial pressure to the posterior glenoid labrum


  • Patient is seated, examiner standing behind patient
  • Examiner places distal hand on subjects elbow and proximal hand on subjects humerus
  • Examiner passively abducts shoulder to 160°
  • The hand on the elbow now places an axial load on the humerus
  • The proximal hand internally and externally rotates the humerus
  • Positive test
    • Reproduction of symptoms ± clicking



Glenoid Labral Tears

  • Cleland et al[1]
    • Sensitivity: 90%
    • Specificity: 85%
    • LR+: 6
    • LR-: 0.12

See Also


  1. Cleland J. Orthopedic Clinical Examination: An Evidence-Based Approach for Physical Therapists. Carlstadt, NJ: Icon Learning Systems; 2005
Created by:
John Kiel on 24 July 2019 00:16:28
Last edited:
25 March 2023 08:50:15