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Elbow Extension Sign

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Other Names

  • Elbow Extension Test

Purpose

  • Test elbow range of motion

Description

  • Patient can be seated or standing
  • Their forearm is supinated, and they are ranged from full flexion to full extension
  • A positive test
    • Inability to fully extend elbow

Pathology

  • Elbow Fracture
  • Elbow Effusion

Evidence

Fracture

  • Appleboam et al[1]
    • Sensitivity: 96.8%
    • Specificity: 48.5%
    • LR+: 1.88
    • LR-: 0.06

Fracture + Effusion

  • Appleboam et al[1]
    • Sensitivity: 95.8
    • Specificity: 54.6
    • LR+: 2.11
    • LR-: 0.08

See Also


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Appelboam A, Reuben AD, Benger JR, Beech F, Dutson J, Haig S, Higinson I, Klein JA, Le Roux S, Saranga SSM, Taylor R, Vicery J, Powell RJ, Lloyd G. Elbow extension test to rule out elbow fracture: multicentre prospective validation and observational study of diagnostic accuracy in adults and children. BMJ. 2008;337;a2428
Created by:
John Kiel on 24 July 2019 23:22:08
Authors:
Last edited:
28 March 2023 14:48:02
Category: