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Elbow Valgus Stress Test

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Other Names

  • Elbow Valgus Stress
  • UCL Valgus Stress Test
  • Elbow Abduction Stress Test
  • Jobe Elbow Test
  • Valgus Elbow Stress Test
  • Elbow Valgus Instability Stress Test


The Elbow Valgus Stress Test
Demonstration of the elbow valgus stress test


  • The patient can be supine, sitting, or in the standing
  • Elbow is held in 20° flexion, one hand supporting the elbow with the humerus somewhat externally rotated
  • The other on forearm applying valgus stress
  • Positive test
    • Pain or laxity compared to the unaffected arm



Anterior Oblique Ligament

  • Timmerman et al[1]
    • Sensitivity: 66%
    • Specificity: 60%

See Also


  1. Timmerman LA, Schwartz ML, Andrews JR. Preoperative evaluation of the ulnar collateral ligament by magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography arthrography. Evaluation in 25 baseball players with surgical confirmation. Am J Sports Med 1994;22(1):26–31 [discussion: 32]
Created by:
John Kiel on 9 July 2019 13:18:13
Last edited:
28 March 2023 14:54:22