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Fractures (Main)

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Background

  • This is a master page for all fractures

Epidemiology

  • Among athletes presenting to the Emergency Department for sports related injuries, 20.6% of them had fractures[1]

Pathophysiology


Describing Fractures


Head and Neck

Maxillofacial Trauma

Cervical Spine Fractures and Dislocations (Main)


Upper Extremity

Humerus Fractures

Elbow

Forearm Fractures

Carpal Fractures

Hand and Finger Fractures


Torso

Chest

Abdomen

Spine


Lower Extremity

Proximal Leg

Knee Fractures

Distal Leg Fractures

Foot and Toe Fractures


Pediatrics


Risk Factors

  • According to one study, sports with highest risk factors are listed by Odds Ratio (OR)[1]
    • Inline Skating (6.03)
    • Snow Skiing (4.5)
    • Skateboarding (3.93)
    • Toboggan/Sled (3.19)
    • Ice Skating (2.82)
    • Soccer (2.66)
    • Combative (2.54)
    • Football (2.48)
    • Gymnastics (2.1)
    • Softball (2.03)
    • Baseball (1.99)
    • Basketball (1.92)
    • Track & Field (1.8)
    • Ice Hockey (1.67)
    • Volleyball (1.67)
    • Racquet Sports (1.42)
    • Water Skiing & Surfing (1.28)
    • Swimming (1.0=Reference)

See Also


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Meixner C, Loder RT. The Demographics of Fractures and Dislocations Across the Entire United States due to Common Sports and Recreational Activities. Sports Health. 2020 Mar/Apr;12(2):159-169.
Created by:
John Kiel on 12 June 2019 14:50:53
Authors:
Last edited:
28 March 2020 12:59:41
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