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Medial Plantar Nerve

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A) Anatomy of the medial plantar nerve. B) Coronal T2 fat-saturated MRI labeled to illustrate the medial plantar nerve and adjacent structures.[1]
  • General Medial Plantar Nerve (MPN)
  • Anatomic course
    • Tibial nerve most commonly bifurcates into the MPN and Lateral plantar nerve (LPN) within the tarsal tunnel[2]
    • Typically, the MPN arises beneath the flexor retinaculum and traverses a fibro-osseous tunnel, or fascial sling
    • Bordered superiorly by the Spring Ligament, inferiorly by the Abductor Hallucis muscular attachment to the navicular
    • It then extends distally, just plantar to the master Knot of Henry (MKH), which is the crossing point of the Flexor Hallucis Longus and Flexor Digitorum Longus tendons.[3]


Vascular Supply


Clinical Significance

See Also


  1. Collins, Mark S., Christin A. Tiegs-Heiden, and Matthew A. Frick. "MRI appearance of jogger’s foot." Skeletal Radiology 49.12 (2020): 1957-1963.
  2. Havel PE, Ebraheim NA, Clark SE, et al. Tibial nerve branching in the tarsal tunnel. Foot Ankle. 1988;9:117–9.
  3. Farooki S, Theodorou J, Sokoloff RM, Theodorou SJ, Trudell DJ, Resnick D. MRI of the medial and lateral plantar nerves. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2001;25(3):412–6.
Created by:
John Kiel on 5 February 2022 05:19:36
Last edited:
5 February 2022 05:28:29