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Mills Test

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Other Names

  • Mill's Test
  • Mills Test


Mill's Test
Clinical demonstration of Mill's test[1]


  • The patient is seated or standing
  • The clinician palpates the patient’s lateral epicondyle with one hand
  • They then pronate the patient’s forearm, fully flexing the wrist with the elbow extended
  • Positive test
    • Reproduction of pain



  • Saroja et al looked at 30 patients using ultrasound as the gold standard[2]
    • Sensitivity: 53%
    • Specificity: 100%
    • PPD: 100%
    • NPD: 25%
    • LR+: Infinite
    • LR-: 0.47

See Also


  1. Fedorczyk, JANE M. "Elbow tendinopathies: clinical presentation and therapist’s management of tennis elbow." Rehabilitation of the hand and upper extremity. 6th edn. St. Louis: CV Mosby (2011): 1098-108.
  2. Saroja, G., P. Antony Leo Aseer, and P. M. Venkata Sai. "Diagnostic accuracy of provocative tests in lateral epicondylitis." Int J Physiother Res 2.6 (2014): 815-823.
Created by:
John Kiel on 7 August 2019 12:02:18
Last edited:
19 April 2023 22:42:34