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Passive Shoulder Compression Test

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Other Names

  • Passive Compression Test


Rotates the patient’s arm externally with 30° of abduction (A) and then apply an axial load while extending the shoulder (B)[1]
  • Evaluate causes of shoulder pain including integrity of Glenoid Labrum


  • The patient is in the lateral decubitus position, laying on the unaffected side
  • The examiner places the arm in 30 degrees of abduction and then passively externally rotates the arm
  • At the same time, they apply an axial load into the joint and slowly extend the shoulder
  • Positive test is:
    • Pain
  • Additionally, injecting local anesthetic into the joint and repeating the exam can increase diagnostic accuracy



Glenoid Labral Tears

  • Kim et al[2]
    • Sensitivity: 82%
    • Specificity: 86%
    • LR+: 5.727
    • LR-: 0.212

See Also


  1. Kim, Yang-Soo, et al. "The passive compression test: a new clinical test for superior labral tears of the shoulder." The American journal of sports medicine 35.9 (2007): 1489-1494.
  2. Kim WS, Kim JH, Ha KY, Joo MW, Chung YG.The Passive Compression Test: a new clinical test for superior labral tears of the shoulder. Am J Sports Med. 2007:35(9):1489-1494.
Created by:
John Kiel on 7 August 2019 20:36:20
Last edited:
25 April 2023 13:34:48