Passive Shoulder Compression Test
- Passive Compression Test
- Evaluate causes of shoulder pain including integrity of Glenoid Labrum
- The patient is in the lateral decubitus position, laying on the unaffected side
- The examiner places the arm in 30 degrees of abduction and then passively externally rotates the arm
- At the same time, they apply an axial load into the joint and slowly extend the shoulder
- Positive test is:
- Additionally, injecting local anesthetic into the joint and repeating the exam can increase diagnostic accuracy
- Kim et al
- Sensitivity: 82%
- Specificity: 86%
- LR+: 5.727
- LR-: 0.212
- Kim, Yang-Soo, et al. "The passive compression test: a new clinical test for superior labral tears of the shoulder." The American journal of sports medicine 35.9 (2007): 1489-1494.
- Kim WS, Kim JH, Ha KY, Joo MW, Chung YG.The Passive Compression Test: a new clinical test for superior labral tears of the shoulder. Am J Sports Med. 2007:35(9):1489-1494.