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Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) tears refer to tearing of one of the knee ligaments that typically occurs during running, cutting or jumping. It is the most commonly injured knee ligament and is generally managed with surgery. Patients can generally expect a good outcome with the ability to return to sport.  +
The Abduction Boot Cast is a type of cast used in pediatrics after certain lower extremity surgeries to help immobilize the muscles and tendons.  +
Accessory navicular syndrome is a rare phenomenon where an extra navicular bone in the foot causes midfoot pain. This congenital anomaly is often treated without surgery when symptomatic.  +
Acetabular Labrum Tear refers to a tear of the labral ring around the acetabulum. This can be either acute or chronic. Treatment varies wildly but leans towards surgical management in younger patients with acute injuries and nonsurgical management in older patients with chronic injuries.  +
The Achilles Palpation Test is a special examination technique used by physicians to help diagnose a ruptured Achilles Tendon.  +
Achilles tendinitis or tendinosis refers to either an acute or chronic irritation of the achilles tendon due to repetitive microtrauma. The vast majority will improve with appropriate treatment.  +
Rupture of the Achilles tendon most often occurs in middle aged, male athletes but can be seen in other patient populations. Due to the loss of plantarflexion, many will be managed with surgery although some patients will due well with nonoperative management.  +
Acromioclavicular (AC) Joint Arthritis refers to degenerative changes occurring at the joint formed by the lateral clavicle and the acromion process. This can be due to repetitive microtrauma or sometimes from recurrent dislocations or subluxations.  +
Acromioclavicular (AC) joint injections and aspirations are easily performed using palpation guided or ultrasound guided techniques for patients with AC joint pain.  +
An Acromioclavicular (AC) Joint Separation refers to injury to the articulation formed by the acromion and clavicle in the shoulder. This typically involves direct trauma to the area such as falling on the lateral shoulder. Most cases are managed nonsurgically.  +
The Active Piriformis Test, sometimes called the Modified Pace Test, is a special examination technique used by physicians to help diagnose piriformis syndrome in patients with buttocks or hip pain.  +
The Active Radiocapitellar Compression Test is a special examination technique used by physicians to help diagnose disease of the radiocapitellar joint.  +
The Active Straight Leg Raise Test is a special test used by physicians to help evaluate the sacroiliac joint in patients presenting with back pain  +
Acute Compartment Syndrome is a condition where the compartment pressure exceeds perfusion pressure in a closed osteofascial compartment leading to irreversible muscle and nerve damage if not treated emergently. It is associated with forearm fractures in children and tibia fractures in adults, but can happy in any compartment in the body.  +
Acute mountain sickness is a non-life threatening condition associated with rapid increase in altitude characterized by symptoms such as headache, fatigue and trouble sleeping and can progress to more severe forms of altitude illness.  +
The Adam's Forward Bend Test, often called the forward bend test, is a special examination technique used to help diagnose scoliosis in patients with back pain.  +
The Adductor Squeeze Test is a special examination technique used by sports medicine physicians to help identify the cause of a patients groin pain including athletic pubalgia or sports hernia.  +
Adductor Strain refers to acute injuries to the adductor muscle groups of adductor brevis, adductor longus and adductor magnus. These patients will report groin or medial thigh pain. Treatment is generally rest and physical therapy before return to play.  +
Adhesive Capsulitis, often termed frozen shoulder, is a inflammatory disease of the capsule of the glenohumeral joint. This is fairly common and typically idiopathic. It is characterized by loss of mobility of the shoulder and risk is increased by diseases such as diabetes, hypothyroidism, hypertension and hyperlipidemia.  +
Adson's Test is a special examination technique used by physicians to help diagnose thoracic outlet syndrome in patients presenting with neck pain.  +