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Pushup Apprehension Test

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Other Names

  • Pushup Sign
  • Pushup Test
  • Floor push-up test
  • Floor pushup test



  • Patient is asked to perform a pushup from the floor
  • The elbows are placed at 90° flexion, forearms supinated, arms abducted greater than shoulder width.
    • Repeat with forearms in pronation
  • Positive test
    • Apprehension when elbow is terminally extended from a flexed position with voluntary and involuntary guarding or complete dislocation.
    • Elbow pain with supination, improves with pronation



See Also


  1. Regan W, Lapner PC. Prospective evaluation of two diagnostic apprehension signs for posterolateral instability of the elbow. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2006;15(3):344–346.
Created by:
John Kiel on 22 December 2019 14:52:59
Last edited:
7 April 2022 16:25:56