- Largest bone of the proximal row of carpal bones.
- Etiology of the name is it’s boat-like shape (from the Greek word 'scaphos' meaning boat)
- Situated at the radial side of the wrist.
- On the palmar surface of the bone, there is a tubercle that can be palpated at the base of the anatomical snuffbox.
- Superior surface is triangular shape, and articulates with the lower end of the radius.
- Inferior surface is convex, and triangular, and is divided by a slight ridge into two parts.
- Dorsal surface is a narrow groove that runs the entire length of the bone serving as an attachment point for ligaments.
- Lateral surface gives attachment to the radial collateral ligament of the wrist.
- Medial surface presents two articular facets:
- Aids in movement of the wrist.
- Forms the radial border of the carpal tunnel.
- The radial collateral ligament attaches to the lateral surface.
- The transverse carpal ligament attaches to the tubercle of the scaphoid.
- McGregor, Martine E. A biomechanical investigation of load sharing at the distal forearm. Diss. The University of Western Ontario (Canada), 2017.
- Moore KL, Dalley AF. Clinically Oriented Anatomy. Fifth edition. Philadelphia: Lippincot Williams & Wilkins; 2006
- Gray H. Anatomy of the Human Body. Twentieth edition. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger; 1918 Available from: https://www.bartleby.com/107/54.html