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Seated Piriformis Stretch Test

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Other Names

Seated Piriformis Stretch Test for piriformis syndrome.jpg
  • Seated Piriformis Stretch Test


  • Evaluate the Piriformis muscle as a cause of gluteal or hip pain


  • The patient is seated on the edge of the exam table
  • The hip is flexed to 90° the knee extended
  • The examiner palpates the sciatic notch and provides hip adduction and internal rotation
  • Positive Test
    • Posterior pain at the level of the piriformis or external rotators



  • Piriformis Syndrome with Sciatica
    • Sensitivity: 0.52[1]
    • Specificity: 0.90
    • LR+: 5.22
    • LR-: 0.53
    • Diagnostic OR: 9.82

See Also


  1. . Martin HD, Kivlan BR, Palmer IJ, Martin RL. Diagnostic accuracy of clinical tests for sciatic nerve entrapment in the gluteal region. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2014;22(4):882-888.
Created by:
John Kiel on 8 August 2020 14:30:07
Last edited:
21 May 2023 15:30:02