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Squat Test

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Other Names

  • Squat Test
  • Modified Squat Test


  • Evaluate the cause of knee pain


  • The patient is asked to slowly perform several squats to 90°
  • Positive Test
    • Reproduction of the patients pain

Variation for Meniscal Pathology

  • The patient performs a full squat with the legs externally rotated
  • They then repeat that with the legs internally rotated
  • Positive test
    • Posteromedial joint line pain with external rotation suggests medial meniscus
    • Posterolateral joint line pain with internal rotation suggests lateral meniscus



Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

  • Cook et al[1]
    • Sensitivity: 91%
    • Specificity: 50%
    • LR+: 1.7
    • LR-: 0.2
    • PPV: 79
    • NPV: 74

See Also


  1. Cook, C., Hegedus, E., Hawkins, R., Scovell, F., & Wyland, D. (2010). Diagnostic accuracy and association to disability of clinical test findings associated with patellofemoral pain syndrome. Physiotherapy Canada, 62(1), 17e24.
Created by:
John Kiel on 16 February 2021 18:21:09
Last edited:
6 April 2024 18:09:22