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Hawkins Test

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Other Names

Hawkins Test
Clinical demonstration of the Hawkins test[1]
  • Kennedy Impingement Test
  • Hawkin's Test
  • Hawkins-Kennedy impingement test



  • Place the patient's arm shoulder in 90 degrees of shoulder flexion
  • The elbow flexed to 90 degrees and then internally rotates the arm.
  • Positive Test
    • The patient experiences pain



Subacromial Impingement Syndrome

  • Sensitivity: 62%-92%[2]
  • Specificity: 25%-100%
  • Positive LR: 1.23[3]
  • Negative LR: 0.32

See Also


  1. Manske, Robert, and Todd Ellenbecker. "Current concepts in shoulder examination of the overhead athlete." International journal of sports physical therapy 8.5 (2013): 554.
  2. Park, H.B., Yokota, A., Gill, H.S., EI RG, McFarland, E.G. (2005). Diagnostic accuracy of clinical tests for the different degrees of subacromial impingement syndrome. J Bone Joint Surg Am, 87(7), 1446-1455.
  3. Mustafa et al. Diagnostic values of clinical diagnostic tests in subacromial impingement syndrome. Ann Rheum Dis 2000;59;44-47
Created by:
John Kiel on 10 July 2019 13:09:27
Last edited:
21 January 2024 16:03:58