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Jobe Relocation Test

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Other Names

  • The Jobe Test
  • JRT
  • Relocation Test
  • Glenohumeral subluxation and relocation test
  • Fowler Test


Clinical demonstration of jobe relocation test[1]


  • The patient is supine
  • The examiner adducts the shoulder to 90° with maximal external rotation, elbow flexed to 90°
  • The examiner then grasps the subjects wrist and hand while applying a posterior force at the humeral head and externally rotating the shoulder
  • Positive test is reduction in pain/apprehension



Glenoid Labral Tears

  • Gaunche et al, Speer et al[2] [3][4]
    • Sensitivity: 36% - 75%
    • Specificity: 40% - 87%
    • LR+: .96 - 3.38
    • LR-: .63 - 1.05

See Also


  1. Manske, Robert, and Todd Ellenbecker. "Current concepts in shoulder examination of the overhead athlete." International journal of sports physical therapy 8.5 (2013): 554.
  2. Guanche CA, Jones DC. Clinical testing for tears of the glenoid labrum. Arthroscopy. 2003; 19:517-523.
  3. Nakagawa S, Toneda M, Hayashida K, Obata M, Fukushima S, Miyazaki Y. Forced shoulder abduction and elbow flexion test: a new simple clinical test to detect superior labral injury in the throwing shoulder. Arthroscopy. 2005; 21: 1290-1295.
  4. Speer KP, Hannafin JA, Altchek DW, Warren RF. An evaluation of the shoulder relocation test. Am J Sports Med. 1994; 22:177-183
Created by:
John Kiel on 29 July 2019 16:51:38
Last edited:
12 April 2023 18:09:09