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Biceps Load Test

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Other Names

  • Biceps Load Test I


Clinical demonstration of the biceps load test I[1]


  • Patient is supine with shoulder abducted to 90 degrees and externally rotated, and forearm is supinated.
  • Examiner passively externally rotates the shoulder until the patient becomes apprehensive.
  • Rotation is stopped and the examiner resists elbow flexion while in this position.
  • Negative Test: apprehension decreases or the patient feels more comfortable
  • Positive Test: If pain stays the same or worsens and apprehension remains



Glenoid Labrum Tear

  • Kim et al
    • Sensitivity: 90% [2]
    • Specificity: 97%
    • LR+: 30
    • LR-: 0.10

See Also


  1. Manske, Robert, and Todd Ellenbecker. "Current concepts in shoulder examination of the overhead athlete." International journal of sports physical therapy 8.5 (2013): 554.
  2. Kim SH et al. Biceps load test: a clinical test for superior labrum anterior and posterior lesions in shoulders with recurrent anterior dislocations. Am J Sports Med. 1999;27:300-303.
Created by:
John Kiel on 22 July 2019 23:23:03
Last edited:
25 March 2023 06:35:57