- Constitutes the main arterial supply of the arm ,forearm, and hand.
- Is the continuation of the axillary artery.
- It begins at the inferior border of the teres major.
- Initially lies medial to the humerus.
- The median nerve lies laterally to the brachial artery at its proximal aspect.
- At the distal aspect of the brachial artery the median nerve lies medially.
- The brachial artery bifurcates to form the radial artery and ulnar artery in the cubital fossa.
- Profunda brachii artery
- Nutrient artery of the humerus
- Superior ulnar collateral artery
- Middle ulnar collateral artery
- Inferior ulnar collateral artery
- Deltoid artery
- Radial artery
- Ulnar artery
- Brachial artery in the cubital fossa is used to determine the systolic and diastolic blood pressures.
- Supracondylar Fracture
- R.L. Drake, A. Wayne, A.W.M. Mitchell: Gray’s Anatomy For Students, 2nd Edition, Churchill Livingstone (2010)