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Brachial Artery

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  • Constitutes the main arterial supply of the arm ,forearm, and hand.[1]
  • Is the continuation of the axillary artery.


  • It begins at the inferior border of the teres major.
  • Initially lies medial to the humerus.
  • The median nerve lies laterally to the brachial artery at its proximal aspect.
  • At the distal aspect of the brachial artery the median nerve lies medially.
  • The brachial artery bifurcates to form the radial artery and ulnar artery in the cubital fossa.


  • Profunda brachii artery
  • Nutrient artery of the humerus
  • Superior ulnar collateral artery
  • Middle ulnar collateral artery
  • Inferior ulnar collateral artery
  • Deltoid artery
  • Radial artery
  • Ulnar artery

Clinical Significance

  • Brachial artery in the cubital fossa is used to determine the systolic and diastolic blood pressures.
  • Supracondylar Fracture

See Also


  1. R.L. Drake, A. Wayne, A.W.M. Mitchell: Gray’s Anatomy For Students, 2nd Edition, Churchill Livingstone (2010)
Created by:
Alaa Khader on 8 June 2022 07:24:00
Last edited:
8 June 2022 13:53:34