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Craigs Test

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Other Names

  • Femoral Anteversion Test
  • Craig’s Test
  • Trochanteric prominence angle test


Demonstration of Craig's test[1]
Illustration of Craig's Test[2]
  • Measure femoral anteversion or forward torsion of the femoral neck


  • Patient position
  • The knee on test side flexed to 90 degrees
  • Examiner palpates the greater trochanter
  • Internally and externally rotate the hip until the greater trochanter lies at the lateral most aspect of the hip
  • This projects the femoral head into center of acetabulum.
  • Angle measurement: Measure the angle of internal or external rotation using the goniometer.


  • Normal
    • At birth, the mean anteversion angle is 30 degrees
    • Decreases to 8-15 degrees in adults
  • Angle >15 degrees
    • Increased anteversion (leads to squinting patellae & pigeon toed walking)
  • Angle <8 degrees
    • Retroversion


  • Femoral Anteversion


  • Unknown

See Also


  1. D’Ambrosi, Riccardo, et al. "Anterior knee pain: state of the art." Sports Medicine-Open 8.1 (2022): 98.
  2. Image courtesy of https://epomedicine.com/, "Craig's Test"
Created by:
John Kiel on 25 April 2023 14:53:15
Last edited:
25 April 2023 15:04:36