We need you! See something you could improve? Make an edit and help improve WikSM for everyone.

Craigs Test

From WikiSM
Jump to: navigation, search


Other Names

  • Femoral Anteversion Test
  • Craig’s Test
  • Trochanteric prominence angle test

Purpose

Demonstration of Craig's test[1]
Illustration of Craig's Test[2]
  • Measure femoral anteversion or forward torsion of the femoral neck

Description

  • Patient position
  • The knee on test side flexed to 90 degrees
  • Examiner palpates the greater trochanter
  • Internally and externally rotate the hip until the greater trochanter lies at the lateral most aspect of the hip
  • This projects the femoral head into center of acetabulum.
  • Angle measurement: Measure the angle of internal or external rotation using the goniometer.

Interpretation

  • Normal
    • At birth, the mean anteversion angle is 30 degrees
    • Decreases to 8-15 degrees in adults
  • Angle >15 degrees
    • Increased anteversion (leads to squinting patellae & pigeon toed walking)
  • Angle <8 degrees
    • Retroversion

Pathology

  • Femoral Anteversion

Evidence

  • Unknown

See Also


References

  1. D’Ambrosi, Riccardo, et al. "Anterior knee pain: state of the art." Sports Medicine-Open 8.1 (2022): 98.
  2. Image courtesy of https://epomedicine.com/, "Craig's Test"
Created by:
John Kiel on 25 April 2023 14:53:15
Authors:
Last edited:
25 April 2023 15:04:36
Category: