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Bear Hug Test

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Other Names

Bear Hug Test
The varying positions of the bear-hug test: A, with the shoulder 10 ° superior to the shoulder line and held in a position of maximal anterior translation; B, at the reported ideal position, with the elbow in line with the shoulder and held in a position of maximal anterior translation; C, with the shoulder 10 ° inferior to the shoulder line and held in a position of maximal anterior translation.[1]
  • Bear Hug Test

Purpose

  • Evaluate integrity of the Subscapularis Muscle in patients with shoulder pain

Description

  • The patient is seated or standing
  • Place hand of affected side on opposite shoulder
  • Examiner attempts to lift hand off of shoulder
  • The patient is instructed to hold position against resistance
  • Positive test
    • Inability to hold hand on opposite shoulder

Pathology


Evidence

  • Needs to be updated

See Also


References

  1. Pennock, Andrew T., et al. "The influence of arm and shoulder position on the bear-hug, belly-press, and lift-off tests: an electromyographic study." The American journal of sports medicine 39.11 (2011): 2338-2346.
Created by:
John Kiel on 10 April 2022 16:35:14
Authors:
Last edited:
12 July 2023 23:02:37
Category: