Chair Apprehension Test
- Chair Sign
- Chair Rise Test
- Chair Push-up Test
- Stand-up Test
- Modified Chair Apprehension Tes
- Evaluate integrity of Lateral Collateral Ligament Complex (Elbow)
- The patient is seated in a chair and asked to perform a sitting pushup
- The patient begins seated with elbows flexed to 90°, forearms supinated, and arms abducted greater than shoulder width.
- Positive Test
- Reluctance to extend the elbow fully while using arms to raise up from the chair
- Pain or reproduction of symptoms from radial subluxation or LUCL instability
- This test can be used having a patient seated on the floor
- Attempts to stand up using arms behind back, may use table as support
- Forearms naturally in max supination posteriorly
- Posterolateral Rotatory Instability
- Image courtesy of orthofixar.com/, "Chair Push-up Test"
- Regan W, Lapner PC. Prospective evaluation of two diagnostic apprehension signs for posterolateral instability of the elbow. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2006;15(3):344–346.