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Gluteus Maximus

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Origin

  • Gluteal surface of the ileum [1]

Insertion


Actions

  • Extend and externally rotate the thigh
  • Steadies the femur
  • Supports the trunk when an individual is standing on one leg [2]

Artery

  • Inferior gluteal artery
  • Superior gluteal artery

Nerve

  • Inferior gluteal nerve from the ventral rami of L5, S1 and S2 [3]

Clinical Significance

  • Gluteal maximus dysfunction
  • Inferior gluteal nerve dysfunction

See Also


  1. 1.0 1.1 Barker PJ, Hapuarachchi KS, Ross JA, Sambaiew E, Ranger TA, Briggs CA. Anatomy and biomechanics of gluteus maximus and the thoracolumbar fascia at the sacroiliac joint. Clin Anat. 2014 Mar;27(2):234-40.
  2. Kim SM, Yoo WG. Comparison of trunk and hip muscle activity during different degrees of lumbar and hip extension. J Phys Ther Sci. 2015 Sep;27(9):2717-8.
  3. wanaga J, Simonds E, Vetter M, Patel M, Oskouian RJ, Tubbs RS. The inferior gluteal nerve often has a cutaneous branch: A discovery with application to hip surgery and targeting gluteal pain syndromes. Clin Anat. 2018 Sep;31(6):937-941.
Created by:
Connor Farrell on 3 February 2020 19:06:09
Last edited:
15 May 2023 04:28:56
Category: