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Speeds Test

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Other Names

Speed's Test
Clinical demonstration of Speed's test[1]
  • Speeds Test
  • Straight Arm Test
  • Speed's Test


  • Evaluate the cause of shoulder pain


  • The patient is standing or seated
  • Arms are flexed forward to 90°, arms supinated
  • The patient is asked to bring the arm into further flexion above 90° against examiners resistance
  • The arm is then switched to pronation and the resisted flexion is repeated
  • Positive test
    • Pain with flexion especially in pronation suggests biceps etiology
    • Vague shoulder pain may suggest SLAP tear



Biceps Tendon Etiology

  • Bennet et al[2]
    • Sensitivity: 90%
    • Specificity: 14%
    • LR+: 1.0
    • LR-: 0.71

See Also


  1. Gill HS, El Rassi G, Bahk MS, Castillo RC, McFarland EG. Physical Examination for Partial Tears of the Biceps Tendon. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 2007;35(8):1334-1340.
  2. Bennet WF. Specificity of the Speed’s Test: Arthroscopic technique for evaluating the biceps tendon at the level of the bicipital groove.Arthroscopy.1998;14:789-796.
Created by:
John Kiel on 11 July 2019 15:28:51
Last edited:
20 November 2023 19:12:16