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Shoulder Abduction Relief Test

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Other Names

Shoulder Abduction Relief Test
Demonstration of the shoulder abduction relief test.[1]
  • Shoulder Abduction Relief Sign
  • Shoulder Abduction Test
  • Bakody Sign
  • Shoulder abduction relief test
  • Bakody's Test
  • Bakody's Sign


  • Evaluate for radicular neck pain


  • The patient is seated or standing.
  • The affected limb has to be actively or passively raised above the head
  • The palm is placed on the top of the head
  • Hold position for 5-10 seconds
  • Positive test
    • Symptoms improve (suggesting relief of traction forces on the nerve)
  • Negative test
    • Symptoms worsen (suggesting myofascial tension on the nerve)



Cervical Radiculopathy

  • Rubinstein et al[2]
    • Sensitivity: 17–78%
    • Specificity: 75–92%

See Also


  1. Kimura, Ryota, Takashi Kobayashi, and Naohisa Miyakoshi. "Bakody’s Test Positive Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Caused by Anomalous Muscle: A Case Report." Cureus 15.1 (2023).
  2. Rubinstein SM, Pool JJ, van Tulder MW, et al. A systematic review of the diagnostic accuracy of provocative tests of the neck for diagnosing cervical radiculopathy. Eur Spine J. 2007;16:307–19.
Created by:
John Kiel on 11 August 2021 14:53:38
Last edited:
31 May 2023 23:07:09