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Physical Exam Forearm

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Introduction

  • Follows the IP-PASS examination methodology
    • Inspection
    • Palpation
    • Passive Range of Motion
    • Active Range of Motion
    • Strength & Neurovascular
    • Special Tests

Inspection

  • Skin
    • Color: erythema, ecchymosis, pallor, darkened, cyanotic
    • Trophic changes (altered hair growth, sweat production)
  • Scars
  • Swelling, prominent veins
  • Muscle tone
    • Atrophy, hypertrophy
  • Deformity: asymmetry, rotation, amputation

Palpation

  • Joint Effusion
  • Clicking
  • Snapping
  • Crepitus
  • Tenderness
  • Temperature
  • Masses

Range of Motion

  • Wrist[1]
    • Flexion: 80-90
    • Extension: 60-70
    • Radial Deviation: 15-20
    • Ulnar Deviation: 40-60
  • Forearm
    • Pronation: 75-80
    • Supination: 80-85
  • Elbow
    • Flexion: 150-160
    • Extension: 0
      • Also note if elbow extends past 0 (negative degrees)

Strength


Neurovascular


Special Tests


See Also


References


  1. Wilson, COLON H. "The musculoskeletal examination." Clinical Methods: The History, Physical, and Laboratory Examinations. 3rd edition. Boston: Butterworths (1990).
Created by:
John Kiel on 1 October 2019 00:15:10
Last edited:
19 August 2021 14:56:49
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