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Patellofemoral Joint

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  • General
    • Biomechanically complex
    • Synovial joint between the condyles of the Femur, articular surface of Patella
    • Contiguous and part of the the Knee Joint
    • Posterior patella: medial, lateral and odd facets articulate; lateral is largest and steepest
    • Femur: medial and lateral condyles articulate
    • Articular surface: Hyaline Cartilage
    • Joint capsule is contiguous with the knee joint


  • Knee extension
    • Patellar slides along femoral condyles
    • Increases lever arm of the extensor mechanism
  • Transmits tensile forces generated by the quadriceps to the patellar tendon

Vascular Supply

  • Branches of the Popliteal Artery including
    • Superior, inferior medial, lateral geniculate arteries
  • Branches of the Femoral Artery including
    • Descending geniculate branches


Clinical Significance

See Also


Created by:
John Kiel on 9 February 2021 00:19:04
Last edited:
9 February 2021 00:34:58